The Nile is the longest river in the world, it is 6700km long. It has two parts, the While Nile and the Blue Nile. The While Nile is longer than the Blue Nile and begins here in Uganda. The White Nile flows north from Lake Victoria into Sudan. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa, bigger than both Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika. The Blue Nile begins in the steep Mountains of Ethiopia. The While Nile and the Blue Nile meet at Khartoum in the Sudan, some rivers called tributaries join the Nile. The longest tributary is the Atbara River which joins the Nile at the Atbara River north of Khartoum.
In Egypt, the Nile flows through the desert on its journey north towards the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile passes through the Cairo, the Capital of Egypt. At Cairo, the Nile becomes two rivers again. These rivers are called the Damietta and Rosetta. They water a large delta where the Egyptians grow cotton and maize. The Nile is famous for many reasons, millions of people depend on its water for food and transport and there are some large dams on the river. The water from these dams makes electricity for example the Owen Falls Dam at Jinja produces electricity for our country. The Aswan Dam supplies Egypt with most its electricity. Below Aswan, the Nile Valley widens. The people of Egypt grows crops on the river banks, they use the waters of the Nile to irrigate their crops.